Border “Khojeyli” – Konye Urgench – Darwaza – Ashgabat – Mary – Border “Farap”



Meet at the border Khojeyli. Custom formalities drive to Konye  Urgench historical site, begin with the Mausoleum of  Najmaddin al Kubra XIV-th century, the holiest part of  KU,  local pilgrims worshipping to the tomb, opposite to it Sultan Ali Mausoleum XV-th century, driving to South about a half mile see Mausoleum of Turabek Khanum, one of the most impressive constructions in Central Asia with geometrical patterns. There are 365 sections on the sparkling mosaic underside of the dome,  representing the days of  the  year, 24 pointed arches representing Hours of the Day;  12 bigger aches below representing the month of the year; and  4  big windows representing the weeks of the month or may be  4 seasons of  the  year, the cupola is unusual and doubledomed. Opposit side of the road Mausoleum of   Said  Ahmat  and  Kutlug Timur Minaret built at the beginning of the XIV-th century. Further along there is the Mausoleum of Khorezmshakh Tekesh. Kyrk Molla big mound,  here you will see young women rolling down the hill in a fertility rite-one of the KU`s attractive site.  Continue along the track to the  Il Arslan Mausoleum with conical dome zigzag patterns. Il Arslan was the grandfather of Khorezmshakh Muhammed.  You will finish your tour to KU seeing the remains of al Mamun minaret and portal of unknown building.  Konye Urgench  included to the World Heritage site of UNESCO since from 2005.  Have your lunch at KU or on the way to Darvaza may be packed lunch.  From KU to Gas Crater  4  hours driving at least.  Upon arrival choose perfect place to set tents, better South-Western side of Crater. Prepare coocking, chishkebabs with meat and vegatables.  Dinner. Enjoy to see Crater at night. Overnight in tents.


Early breakfast in the Nature. On the way to Ashgabat stop at the village Erbent where seminormadic Turkmen still use their portable tent houses “yurts”,  there you can see local women making  the best felt rugs,  drink  “chal”   fermented camel milk.  On the way  from Erbent to Ashgabat you will see some more settlments. Upon arrival to Ashgabat accommodation at the Hotel. Lunch. Afternoon city tour including Independence Tower 91m. high,  National Museum,  Arch  of   Neutrality.  Dinner. After dinner short tour to evening Ashgabat including  “Yyldyz” hotel  recently complited and Wedding Palace (City Hall) from there a good panorama - view to the City of Love (ishk-rabat). Overnight at the hotel.


Ashgabat-Mary. Breakfast at the Hotel. Visit Nisa former residence of Parthian Kings III-d century  BCE,  with its Round Zoroastrian Temple, Square Hall, current excavated sites.  On the way to Ashgabat visit  Kipchak village, Spiritual Mosque of Turkmenbashy, Lenin Monument, Russian Bazar. Transfer to the airport. Flight to Mary. Accommodation at the Hotel. Dinner. Overnight.


Early breakfast. Visit Ancient Merv Monuments, including Kyz Kala VII-th century CE, late Sasanian period, Askhabs mausoleum  (companians of prophet Muhammed) Al Hakim ibn Amr al Jafari and Bureida  ibn  al  Huseib al Islami  with the  beautifully blue tiled patterns with the shape of height  pointed star. Futher to the East cross the bridge on al Razik canal and head to the North in between two fortresses . On the left Sultan Kala built at the time of Malik shakh ibn Alp Arslan, on the right Gyaur  Kala IV-th century  BCE. On the Northern edge  of  that there is Erk Kala  the oldest of   Merv fortresses. Hoja Yusuf Hamedani Mosque is one of Merv holiest parts where local pilgrims are worshipping  and  sacrificing the animals for good Fortune and fertility.  Hoja Yusuf Hamedani was sufi-dervish and based in Merv School of Sufism. The Shahriar Ark (or Citadel of Sultan Kala) is another  impressive parts of Merv. Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar is Most impressive construction with magnificent turquoise-tiled outer dome, which was seen from one day caravan way according to the reports of middle age  historians. The XII-th century Mausoleum of Muhammed  ibn  Zeid is an interesting site for Sufi pilgrims. Lunch on the way to Turkmenabat.  Farap border crossing.

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