The reserve was founded in 1928. It is located in the southeastern Karakum Desert, near the station Repetek, located about 70 km south-west of the city of Turkmenabat.The territory - it's not a big reserve. Its total area of 34.6 thousand. Ha of roadway Central Asian Railway. The territory occupied by the reserve, is the vast sea of sand, dotted with spots of oases. In the center of the railway station with a small village, manor sand and desert experimental station reserve.