Turkmenistan is situated in the very heart of Central Asia, between the Caspian Sea in the west and the great Amu Darya in the east; from Aral Sea coastal steppes in the north to the Kopet Dag mountain range to the south. Turkmenistan is an independent state, founded in 1991 after the disintegration of the USSR; five years later it attained a unique political status, which was recognized by the United Nations Organization. The founder of the state and former National leader of Turkmenistan, President Saparmurat Turkmenbashy, has clearly specified the character of his country and its place in the sophisticated geopolitical space with a broad formulation of "permanent neutrality".
The monuments of Turkmenistan that have remained up to now are a direct reflection of life in the East at the different stages of its existence. They reflect how great Timurid, Seljukid, Sasanid, khorezmshah dynasties were ruling. In different epochs of time towns here were centers of great and powerful state formations which were equipped by representatives of abovementioned great eastern dynasties according to they own preferences. As a matter of fact, the land of Turkmenistan is a quite “tangible” history of the ancient world including numerous monuments that you can see and touch only if you express your wish to personally visit this fascinating and historical place in the whole Middle Asian region. Moreover, it is also a history of people who many centuries ago would populate these lands, fight with each other for power and territory, migrate from place to place forming big tribes and then become settled craftsmen or landowners. Travelling here you can be exposed to exciting adventures. The most popular ancient towns of Turkmenistan are Kunya-Urgench, Nisa, Dehistan, Misrian, Merv, Yekedeshik, Serahs.